Bush, Theodore Roosevelt, Franklin D. DuBois, numerous famous writers and poets, musicians, filmmakers, athletes, actors and more. It in the top 10 largest American universities by enrollment and tops in Texas. Its 5, acres houses the George Bush Sr. Presidential Library, which opened in — one of very few universities with a presidential library. Only U. It has over undergrad and grad degree programs and a number of professional degrees.
UTD was ranked by Times Higher Education magazine in as 15th in their top list of young schools under 50 years old , using 13 performance indicators that include research, diversity and international collaborations, and teaching. Fortune magazine claims that 14 of the 20 most profitable companies recruit from UT Dallas.
The student-to-faculty ratio is , and UTD has over 50 "centers, labs and institutes that facilitate research and opportunities for hands-on learning. Notable faculty include a Nobel laureate and four members of the National Academies. However, the school was not founded until after Wisconsin became a state in The first women students were admitted in , during the Civil War. Its 20 colleges and schools offer bachelor's degrees, graduate and professional degrees. Overall, over 4, course are offered.
It has an international institute jointly created by the College of Letters and Sciences and the International Studies division. The university's international student body represents countries. McCollum, who founded Vitamin A and B Eight colleges are currently part of HCCS. It was "restructured into a multi-college system" in Overall HCC has over 15 campuses and two sub-colleges.
It offers two online programs — continuing ed and distance ed. Image Source UT Austin had its start in , with part of the income of land and grazing rights from 2 million acres in Texas, granted by the state. The university in the top five nationwide for "largest single campus enrollment. This includes over 3, graduate degrees master's, doctoral , and over 8, undergrad degrees in fields of study, with majors.
In addition to over 50K on-campus students, UT Austin has K continuing ed students, and claims a diverse student population who enjoy 1, registered student organizations. It was later renamed in honor of philosopher George Berkeley. UC Berkeley has a number of honors to its credit. Berkeley Lab has discovered 16 chemical elements, the most of any university worldwide as of The Manhattan Project — which developed the the first atomic bomb — had Berkeley physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer as the scientific director. Faculty, alumni and researchers have collectively won 72 Nobel Prizes 30 to alumni and numerous other awards.
In total, over 7, courses are offered across degree programs. UC Berkeley produces the most Ph. Students of Fall enjoyed a student to faculty ratio. Over 4, students do volunteer work yearly. UC Berkeley is the only U. Various sources put the date at between It is America's first university, a founding member of the Association of American Colleges, and one of the nine original Colonial colleges.
It is the "first academic institution to follow a multidisciplinary model" based on several European universities. It is also has the first school of medicine in the U. UPenn is considered a top five research university and has had a number of findings and innovations, including "the first general purpose electronic computer ENIAC , the Rubella and Hepatitis B vaccines.
Of these, all 12 have grad programs. Only four have undergrad programs. UPenn also has professional degree program, and degree and non-degree continuing ed and lifelong learning programs. At least nine faculty or alumni have won Nobel Prizes over a ten-year period, with a total of 28 Nobel Prizes for Penn affiliates.
Other notable alumni include one U. President William Henry Harrison and 11 other heads of state, several Supreme Court Justices, tech company founders, at least 18 living billionaires and more. UB has 13 schools and colleges offering over undergrad degrees including combined programs and nearly grad and professional programs master's, 84 doctoral, 10 professional. It has three campuses in Buffalo and Amherst, combined.
Total degrees awarded in 7, Notable alumni and faculty include one U. Baker, engineer and astronaut Gregory Jarvis, and others. UF is the oldest university in Florida and has been considered a Public Ivy since It was ranked 14th best public uni in the U. News and World Report. Its 16 academic colleges offer professional grad programs in "business admin, engineering, law, dentistry, veterinary med. It also claims over research centers and institutes. Notable alumni include Nobel Prize winners, U.
Image Source The U of M was founded in Currently, it is located in the twin cities of Minneapolis and St. Paul Falcon Heights , which are a few miles apart.
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In , Forbes named Minneapolis the safest metropolitan area in the U. U of M has 19 colleges and schools, and sister campuses in Crookston, Duluth, Morris and Rochester in the state of Minnesota. It offers over undergrad degree programs and about through the grad school. Image Source Ohio State University's main campus was founded in It is amongst the top five largest campuses in the U.
OSU has 22 schools and colleges, offering a combined undergrad majors through about 12, courses. Amongst notable faculty, six were named by the NSF as top scholars, who are studying a variety of subjects including ghost particles, human DNA, and computing devices. UW is a research-heavy university. About startup companies have resulted from UW research, and there are close to specialized research centers.
Undergrads also participate in research; over 7, students participated in research in — totalling nearly 1. UW's 16 colleges and schools offer 1, undergrad courses each quarter, and award over 12, degrees yearly bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and professional. Over 14K degrees were awarded in Faculty collectively have six Nobel Prize winners — five of them in Medicine. Currently, it is considered a Public Ivy, and is a member of the Association of American Universities. It was the fourth public university in the U. Sarah Parke Morrison joined in as the first woman student.
Other milestones include: The Kinsey Institute for sexuality research, established in ; the annual Little bicycle race — modeled after the Indianapolis car race — which is the United States' largest collegiate bike race and was featured in the film "Breaking Away. International students from countries were enrolled in Spring Image Source Boston University was founded in It is now nonsectarian but was originally affiliated with the United Methodist Church.
There are also nearly study-abroad programs in 36 cities and 23 countries. Students enjoy a Alexander Graham Bell, credited with the invention of the telephone, first lectured at BU in Image Source Arizona State University was founded in It is also a member of the Universities Research Association. After the economic downturn that started in , ASU reorganized.
Currently, there are 15 colleges, schools and institutes including the W. Over 18K degrees were awarded in Faculty and alumni awards milestones as of include 2 Nobel laureates, Fulbright Scholars, 25 Guggenheim Fellowships, 27 National Academy winners, 6 Pulitzer Prizes and more. Other points of note: ASU is environmentally conscious. There are 17, daily cyclists on campus. The university also has over 61K solar panels that produce over Hershey helped establish a college of medicine and a teaching hospital, the latter of which currently provides care to over a million patients yearly.
Penn State has 24 campuses, 17K faculty, K students. PSU has 18 schools and colleges that offer over bachelor majors, as well as various grad and professional degrees. It has an online World Campus that offers identical degrees to on-campus students. Notable projects include the Lunar Lion team's plans to land the first university-built robotic spacecraft on the moon in Image Source Michigan State University was founded in as the first land-grant institution, and it served as the prototype for the Morrill Act of , which gave land grants to each U.
Currently, the university has 5, acre campus, with 2, acres of existing or planned development. As well, it has access to just under 20K acres around the state for research and education in agricultural and natural resources. It is in fact the first U. In high school, his friends, who were predominantly Asian, believed that their race would work against them in the admissions process. Wang knew students whose families were mixed Asian and white who identified themselves as white on their applications, lest they be lumped in with all the other overachievers.
The Princeton Review has, in the past, encouraged students of Asian descent to try to conceal their cultural identity. Wang found this notion troubling. His office is in the financial district, on the border of Chinatown. As we walked a few blocks to get noodles, passing from one San Francisco into another, he recounted his story. In , Wang began talking to family friends familiar with the law about his options. He did not include Harvard and Columbia, since he was still on the wait lists there. But Wang came to see the issue as one of fairness, and he thought that perhaps he could help someone in the future.
He studied the history of Asian-Americans and college admissions, and eventually came across the work of a conservative activist named Edward Blum, a financial adviser who has devoted his life to overturning race-conscious laws. Blum has shown a talent for pinpointing vulnerabilities in civil-rights law and attacking them in the courts.
Wang and Blum spoke on the phone and they agreed to keep in touch. At the time, Blum was heading a nonprofit called the Project on Fair Representation, and was working with Abigail Fisher, a white student who, in , had been rejected by the University of Texas at Austin. The school guaranteed admission to Texas students in the top ten per cent of their high-school class; from those under the threshold, like Fisher, admissions officers chose applicants through a process that considered, among other criteria, race and family background.
Fisher sued the university, alleging that this policy was unconstitutional. The Supreme Court eventually ruled against Fisher, in Asians were being discriminated against in the college-admissions process, and among those taking their spots were the primary beneficiaries of affirmative action, like African-Americans and Hispanics. In , as Wang was preparing to go to college—he attended Williams—he was interviewed by officials at the Department of Education.
Being vague also protects them from legal liability. Wants to become a doctor. Though Wang professes to be in favor of affirmative action, the most egregious aspects of his story captivated a small but vocal network of Chinese-Americans, who had heretofore shown little interest in American politics. Spurred by WeChat, a Chinese social-media platform, and encouraged by what they saw as the next great civil-rights struggle, they threw their support behind Wang and other Asian-American students penalized by the college-admissions process.
These activists found an ally in Blum. That November, Blum filed a federal lawsuit against Harvard University. The suit advances a surprising line of argument. Instead of claiming that the process is unfair to whites—an increasingly tough sell, at least in the media—the suit suggests that affirmative action, a mechanism intended to help minorities such as Asian-Americans, is actually being used to harm them.
Blum hopes for a college-admissions process in which there would be no race or ethnicity boxes to check, and students would be evaluated more or less anonymously. To bring the suit, Blum created Students for Fair Admissions, a membership organization roughly modelled on the A. After the Harvard filing, Blum gave talks at Asian-American community functions, and at any event that would have him. He found people who were eager to join his movement. On October 15th, the U. The day before, organizers are planning to hold a rally outside the courthouse, to be attended by predominantly Chinese-American anti-affirmative-action activists from throughout the country.
This alliance, between a white conservative tactician and a comparatively inexperienced base of recently energized Asian-American activists, has complicated the traditional optics of the civil-rights and diversity debates. It will limit the freedom that academic institutions have often had in pursuing their unique educational missions. Affirmative action has never been adequately defined. Many local officials refused to comply. Throughout the forties and fifties, there was a broad, top-down drive to build fair-employment practices and to integrate institutions like the armed forces and public schools.
The premise of affirmative action was that, for African-Americans, the status quo was innately negative. To act affirmatively was to acknowledge the history of denigration and inequity that continued to define black life, and to come up with ways in which the future could be different. In , Johnson amended his order to ban discrimination on the basis of sex.
In the face of government slowness, affirmative action came to be defined by the judicial system. In , the Supreme Court considered a case brought by Allen Bakke, a white man who believed that, if he had been a minority, he would have been admitted to the medical school at the University of California, Davis. Admissions policies could no longer acknowledge the past; they could only advance a more diverse future.
Diversity eventually became a self-rationalizing principle , and produced an entire industry of counselling and compliance. Throughout the seventies, higher education and business were expansive in their duty to act affirmatively—an effort supported by both Republicans and Democrats. Together, they drafted Proposition For the first time, American voters were given the chance to weigh in on large-scale affirmative-action policies. The effect on the enrollment of people of color was immediate. Between and , offers of admission to African-Americans at Berkeley and U.
Pedro Noguera, a professor of education at U. In the following twenty years, a wave of ballot initiatives inspired by Prop. In addition, affirmative action was outlawed in Florida, through an executive order, and in New Hampshire, through legislation. In some states, like Texas, California, and Florida, colleges and lawmakers explored other ways to maintain racial diversity, such as considering socioeconomic factors in admissions decisions, or creating programs to guarantee admission to public colleges for the top graduates from each high school.
But the most powerful defense of affirmative action came, once again, from the courts. In , the Supreme Court ruled, in Grutter v. Cases like these, which involve college admissions, tend to draw headlines. Seattle School District No. The effect of this back-and-forth has been that we tend to consider affirmative action only in a narrow spectrum of activities.
Even victories for affirmative action establish precedents that draw the circle of acceptable practices ever smaller. But it has become the most prominent way that these suspicions are aired, since the stakes are so clear. Life rarely seems so zero-sum as it does when we imagine that we are vying for the lone seat in the classroom.
Yes, absolutely. The origins of affirmative action assumed a racial binary of whites and blacks. Stories of academic overachievement came to define how many outsiders understood Asian-Americans. Wei, who has a broad face and a gentle but assertive voice, has been a reporter and an editor at the World Journal for twenty-six years. The paper is a vital resource for new immigrants, providing information about voting, garbage pickup, and civic rights.
He began recounting the history of Chinese people in America, beginning with westward expansion and the gold rush, in the mid-nineteenth century, when an influx of largely poor Chinese immigrants provided cheap, often indentured, labor. They were the ones who founded the Chinatowns. Wei marked a spot on the time line: the Chinese Exclusion Act of , born of xenophobia, which effectively ended Chinese immigration for sixty years.
And then, coinciding with the Cold War, another mark on the line: the sixties, as the United States began recruiting talented students, particularly in the sciences and math, from places like Taiwan and Hong Kong. Wei was describing people like my parents, who came from Taiwan in the early seventies, for graduate school.
It was no surprise that communities like the one I grew up in were seen as the model minority—our ranks had been selected to come to America and pursue largely untroubled middle-class lives. Moments of crisis reminded the diverse, far-flung Asian-American community of the need to unify across lines of class, geography, and national origin. Wei added a mark at , the year that Vincent Chin, a young Chinese-American man, was beaten to death in the suburbs of Detroit by two white men. The lenient verdict prompted outrage and nationwide organizing, and became a turning point in Asian-American politics.
At the nineties, Wei drew a heavy vertical line. After the massacre in Tiananmen Square, in , the United States began welcoming immigrants from mainland China in large numbers. The Chinese Student Protection Act of provided green cards to nearly fifty-five thousand Chinese nationals, and this influx accelerated in the two-thousands, particularly after the financial crisis spurred a desire for foreign investment.
As of , there were an estimated Wei said that the more recent immigrants included engineers and tech workers, among others, with enough resources to move straight to the suburbs. They have arrived at a time when China is ascendant. Many of these immigrants can be found on WeChat, which is something like a messaging app combined with Twitter, and was introduced in China in It quickly became the primary way that Chinese people engage with the digital world. Siddhartha Mukherjee born Vernon Louis Parrington — Frederic L.
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Birendra Bir Bikram Shah — King of Nepal. Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark born Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan — Princess Ariana Austin Makonnen of Ethiopia. Masako, Crown Princess of Japan born Prince Maximilian of Liechtenstein born Nazrin Shah of Perak born Current Sultan of Perak , one of the Sultans of Malaysia , as a federal constitutional monarchy. Prince Abdul Reza Pahlavi — Catherine Oxenberg born Prince William zu Lobkowicz born Member of the high Bohemian nobility ; member of the House of Lobkowicz , one of the oldest Bohemian noble families; his great-grandfather Ferdinand was the 10th Prince zu Lobkowicz when the Austro-Hungarian Empire collapsed, leaving the Bohemian nobility stripped of its legal privileges in Prince Radu of Romania born Princess Sonam Dechen Wangchuck of Bhutan born Howard H.
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Biochemist, HHMI investigator. Allen Emerson born Charles Epstein. Geneticist ; injured by Ted Kaczynski a. Founder of Partners in Health.
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Professor of plant biology at the University of California, Berkeley. First Saudi Arabian female orthodontist. Robert Galambos — Paul Graham born Ulysses S. Grant IV — Famous in the world of string theory ; Columbia University professor. Victor Guillemin born Stanley Hall — Benjamin Morgan Harrod — Designed the water and sewerage systems in his native New Orleans , Louisiana. Donald Olding Hebb — Heisuke Hironaka born Arthur Allen Hoag — Discovered Hoag's object.
Emmett Holt Jr. Ernest Ingersoll — Kenneth E.
Iverson Geologist, founder of the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory. Philosopher; psychologist ; namesake of William James Hall. Richard M. Karp born Computer security expert. Theodore K. Lawless Holbrook Mann MacNeille — Rustin McIntosh — Curtis T. McMullen born Co-founder and chairman of Sun Microsystems. Maryam Mirzakhani Sylvanus G. Morley — Robert Tappan Morris born CS professor at MIT , creator of the first computer worm.
Major General Spurgeon Neel — MPH Pioneer of aeromedical evacuation. Robert Oppenheimer — Physicist , "father of the atomic bomb ". Founder of O'Reilly Media. Charles Sanders Peirce — Sivathanu Pillai born Ethnobotanist; founder of Amazon Conservation Team. Christian R.
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Harold Hill Smith — Richard Stallman born Founder of the Free Software Foundation. Anthropologist and evolutionary psychologist. Vladimir Voevodsky Computer pioneer; inducted into National Inventors Hall of Fame for magnetic core memory ; philanthropist. John White Webster — Physician, professor, killer; Parkman-Webster murder case. Edward Osborne Wilson born Charles F. Winslow — John Winthrop — Chauncey Wright — Darius Adamczyk born William McPherson Allen Charles Francis Adams Jr.
President of Union Pacific Railroad. Chairman, Barclays PLC. Charles Baillie born Hans W. Becherer Charles M. Berger — Business executive, H. Leonard Blavatnik born Founder of Access Industries. Chairperson of Santander Group. Daniel Burke — James E. Burke Philip Caldwell — John T. President of News Corporation. Winslow Carlton born Donald J.
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Steven A. Founder of Southwest Airlines. Founder of Boston Beer Company. Tatparanandam Ananda Krishnan born Steve Kuhn. CEO of Oxford Industries. Jorge Paulo Lemann born John Langeloth Loeb Jr. Charles Peter McColough — Douglas McGregor — Co-Founder of Sun Microsystems. George W. Merck born Fred Meyer. Hiroshi Mikitani born Charles Moorman born Henry Sturgis Morgan — Co-founder of Morgan Stanley.
Morgan Jr. President of J. Vice Chairman of Berkshire Hathaway. CEO of Discover Financial. Albert Nickerson Roy Niederhoffer born Drafted the merger that formed United Fruit Company. Served on the board of directors for Gillette and ITT. Sumner Redstone born Kevin Reilly Sr. Sean E. Reilly born Chief operations officer and vice president for mergers and acquisitions of Lamar Advertising and former member of the Louisiana House of Representatives.
Director of Knight Ridder media. David Rockefeller born Banker; philanthropist; Chairman of Chase Manhattan Bank. Sheryl Sandberg born Ulf Mark Schneider born Steve Schwarzman born Billionaire, owner of Blackstone Group. Daniel C. Searle — Heir, CEO of G. Jeffrey Skilling born CEO of Enron ; convicted of fraud and conspiracy.
Thomas G. Stemberg William H Sumner — Marcel Herrmann Telles born Ratan Naval Tata born Charlemagne Tower — Lawyer, businessman; namesake of towns in Pennsylvania , Minnesota , and North Dakota ; served on Harvard's board of overseers. Robert Uihlein Jr. Chairman of the Joseph Schlitz Brewing Company.
Michael J. Harry Elkins Widener — Namesake of Harvard's Widener Library ; died in the sinking of the Titanic. Arne Wilhelmsen born Founder of Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. Mortimer Zuckerman born President of the United States. John Quincy Adams — President of Panama. Kow Nkensen Arkaah Vice President of Ghana. President of Mexico.
Ranji Chandisingh born Vice President of Guyana. Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj born President of Mongolia. President of Costa Rica. Rutherford Hayes — Specioza Kazibwe born Vice President of Uganda. Ban Ki-Moon born Secretary-General of the United Nations. Vice President of the Republic of China Taiwan. Miguel de la Madrid born President of Ecuador. President of Chile. President of South Korea. President of Ireland. President of Bolivia. Theodore Roosevelt — Franklin Delano Roosevelt — Carlos Salinas de Gortari born President of Colombia. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf. President of Liberia.
Sir Donald Tsang born Financial Secretary Hong Kong. Ma Ying-Jeou born President of the Republic of China Taiwan. Abdiweli Mohamed Ali born President of Puntland ; Prime Minister of Somalia. Prime Minister of Pakistan. Gro Harlem Brundtland born Prime Minister of Norway. Prime Minister of Peru. Tom Davis — Prime Minister of the Cook Islands. Prime Minister of South Korea. Prime Minister of Iceland.
William Lyon Mackenzie King — Prime Minister of Canada. Lee Hsien Loong born Prime Minister of Singapore. Prime Minister of Lebanon. Prime Minister of Hungary. Prime Minister of Albania. Nguyen Xuan Oanh — Prime Minister of South Vietnam. Andreas Papandreou — Prime Minister of Greece. Prime Minister of Jordan.
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Antonis Samaras born Prime Minister of the Central Tibetan Administration. Prime Minister of Malta. Prime Minister of Jamaica. Aziz Sedki — Prime Minister of Egypt. Frederick Sumaye born Prime Minister of Tanzania. Tshering Tobgay born Prime Minister of Bhutan. Premier of the Republic of China. Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Ghana. Mary Arden, Lady Arden of Heswall born Judge of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom. President of the Supreme Court of Israel. Richard Reeve Baxter — Justice of the International Court of Justice.
Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. Peter Blanchard born Justice of the Supreme Court of New Zealand. William J. Brennan —
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