ReadWriteThink couldn't publish all of this great content without literacy experts to write and review for us. If you've got lessons plans, videos, activities, or other ideas you'd like to contribute, we'd love to hear from you. Find the latest in professional publications, learn new techniques and strategies, and find out how you can connect with other literacy professionals. Heather Barto Wiley. This pre-reading lesson helps students expand their knowledge of Shakespeare and build an understanding of Romeo and Juliet by connecting the summary of the play to their everyday lives as teenagers.
Students also explore the definition of tragedy and how "tragic love" is ingrained in the lives of teenagers from all cultures. Acting this episode brings out the importance of Juliet's closing line, "You kiss by the book. Have students experiment with a variety of ways Juliet might deliver the line, in order to notice how it characterizes her relationship with and her attitude toward Romeo.
Romeo and Juliet Prologue
Her tone and manner might be anything from a dreamy "You really know how to kiss! What does this suggest about her character as compared to Romeo's? What does it suggest about the tone and manner in which she should. To gauge the full dramatic effect of the sonnet Shakespeare created for the first meeting between Romeo and Juliet, it is necessary to see it in the context of the action surrounding it at the Capulet ball.
Have student volunteers take the roles of Capulet, Tybalt, Romeo, Juliet, and the Nurse, and read the scene from Capulet's "Go to, go to!
The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet by Shakespeare Lesson Plan & Activities
My life is my foe's debt" Act I, Scene 5, lines in the Signet edition. Call attention to the fact that, while all these characters speak in verse, each speaks in a distinctive poetic style.
Have students describe each style and explain how Shakespeare achieves it. As your student volunteers read through the scene, ask the class to note the effect of the shifts in tone that Shakespeare has built into it. Divide the class into study groups and have each develop a stage interpretation of this short passage in Romeo and Juliet , based on the dramatic effects Shakespeare creates through poetic style and verse form.
Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare: Character Sort and Lesson Plans
Encourage students to imagine in detail how this stretch of action might be performed, to play out various scenarios in their discussions. When they have finished, have each group share its staging, and then debate as a class which ideas seem to capture best that first meeting of the lovers on the Elizabethan stage. Conclude this lesson by having students work individually or in groups to find other moments in Romeo and Juliet where Shakespeare spotlights the action through poetic form and language.
Have students prepare production notes for their chosen scene, explaining how they would direct the action, with special attention to how they would have their actors perform the richly poetic language Shakespeare gives them. Should the characters seem exalted by this language? Should they always seem not quite able to measure up to their high-flown words? Should they seem, like Juliet leaving Romeo at the ball, somehow independent of this poetic language, as if endowed with a life of their own?
For practice examining sonnet structures, ask students to play Sonnet Unscrambler.
To evaluate students' understanding of the text in context, assess the thoroughness of their production notes created in their groups as they analyzed the language of their selected scenes and explained their direction of the action. To evaluate students' skills in applying their knowledge of the text in a new context, give them individually or in groups a cutting they have not analyzed earlier, such as a portion of the duel scene Act III, Scene 1, lines , explaining to them the Elizabethan uses of "thee" and "thou.
The following EDSITEment lesson plans, both of which take sonnets as their subject matter, have activities that would prove useful in the first activity of this lesson:. Skip to main content. Lesson Plan. Photo caption. Romeo and Juliet in the balcony scene. What is the difference between love and desire? Identify and explain the use of poetic forms to impart perspective in later episodes of the play.
Lesson Plan Details Background. The EDSITEment-reviewed Teaching Shakespeare website, published by the Folger Shakespeare Library, offers the following textual history of Romeo and Juliet , situating its writing, performance, and publication in the last years of the 16th-century: "Scholars generally date the writing of Romeo and Juliet to , near in time to the composition of A Midsummer Night's Dream. Romeo and Juliet was published as a quarto in A fuller text of the play, which has served as the basis of all subsequent editions, appeared in quarto in College and Career Readiness Standards.
Review the lesson plan and the websites used throughout. Locate and bookmark suggested materials and websites.
Download and print out documents you will use and duplicate copies as necessary for student viewing. Activity 1. Analyzing the Text Begin this lesson by having students turn to the first meeting between Romeo and Juliet at the Capulet ball, in Act I, Scene 5 lines in the Folger Shakespeare Library digital edition.
For practice understanding the sonnet form, teachers can assign either or both of the following activities: Sonnet Unscrambler , which is available as an Online Interactive. In this activity, students attempt to put the sonnet back in its proper order best assigned in class to prevent students from simply using a search engine to discover the answer.
Parts of a Sonnet , which is available as a PDF worksheet.
FOLGER SHAKESPEARE LIBRARY
In this activity, students use the hints from the "Bank" to fill in the rhyme scheme, names, and other parts of both forms of the sonnet. Students pick up the pieces of paper under their chairs. Who can share to the class what we had last Last meeting, we checked our papers on our meeting? Motivation The teacher will ask the students to go to their groups. Each group will have one representative.
The representative will pick one of the pieces of papers. After that, the student will act the answer. If the group did not get the right answer, the other groups can still answer and thus get the point. Motive Question What are you willing to sacrifice just for love? Teachers Activity Students Activity Since the reading of the synopsis was already given as their assignment, the teacher will discuss the story while having the important points as well as the elements of drama in Romeo and Juliet. Comprehension Questions First, the teacher will post the answers on Characters: the board.
Those Benvolio are the possible answers for the questions that the Mercutio students will give. Friar Lawrence Romeo Montague Romeo tells his cousin Benvolio and his Plot: friend Mercutio that he is sick with love Romeo tells his cousin Benvolio for a girl who wont love him back. Benvolio and Mercutio encourage him Benvolio and Mercutio to forget about her and go with them to a encourage him to forget about costume party a the house of Capulet.
Count Paris Capulet wants his party to be a Capulet wants his party to be a happy happy place for live to blossom. Tybalt tells Old Capulet that Tybalt there are Montagues at the party Tybalt tells Old Capulet that there are and he demands that Tybalt Montagues at the party and he demands leave them alone to enjoy the that Tybalt leave them alone to enjoy the party.
Romeo met Juliet at the party. Romeo sneaks to Juliets Romeo sneaks to Juliets bedroom bedroom window. They decided to marry each They decided to marry each other even other even though their families though their families were enemies. Friar Lawrence Romeo and Juliet got married. Romeo and Juliet got married. Mercutio agrees to fight Tybalt Mercutio agrees to fight Tybalt and and Mercutio died.
Mercutio died. Romeo agreed to fight Tybalt Romeo agreed to fight Tybalt and killed and killed him. Romeo ran away from Verona so Romeo ran away from Verona so that the that the Prince of Verona cant Prince of Verona cant sentence him to sentence him to death. The type of poison. The poison will make poison will make her fall into a her fall into a very deep sleep, but very deep sleep, but everyone everyone will think she is dead. Friar Lawrences message never makes Friar Lawrences message never it to Romeo.
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Romeo returns to Verona with a very Romeo returns to Verona with a strong poison. He goes to Juliet in the very strong poison. He goes to tomb, drinks the poison, and dies. When Juliet in the tomb, drinks the Juliet wakes up she finds Romeo laying poison, and dies. When Juliet next to her. She is so sad that she takes wakes up she finds Romeo his dagger and kills herself. She is so sad When the Montagues and the Capulets that she takes his dagger and learn what happened with their children kills herself.
When the Montagues and the Characters Capulets learn what happened Plot with their children they agree to Forcefulness of Love end the years of fighting. Theme Theme: Dialogue Forcefulness of Love Music Dialogue Spectacle This refers to the words written by the playwright and spoken by the characters in the play. The dialogue helps move the action of the play along.
Related Lesson Plans: Romeo and Juliet
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